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Hyperpigmentation is the term used to describe areas on uneven pigmentation in skin. Hyperpigmentation appears as darkened patches or spots on the skin that make skin look uneven.

Hyperpigmentation is caused by an increase in melanin. Melanin is the natural pigment that gives our skin, hair and eyes their color. A number of factors can trigger an increase in melanin production, but the main ones are sun exposure, hormonal influences, age,trauma, genetics and skin injuries or inflammation.

Hyperpigmentation is diagnosed through physical examination by a certified dermatologist. To understand the type and severity of hyperpigmentation, your dermatologist may recommend biopsy.

Hyperpigmentation is usually a cosmetic concern rather than a medical one. There are several home remedies for pigmentation that can help you lighten dark patches. Most common type of hyperpigmentation are Freckles, Birthmark, Melasma, Rosacea, photoaging and Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (HIP).

One of the best ways to prevent hyperpigmentation, is to wear a broad-spectrum sunscreen each day. For hyperpigmentation that occurs because of trauma or injury, keep your hands off your skin and do not pick. If you pick at acne, spots, and scabs, or even squeeze a tempting blackhead, you will trigger inflammation. Inflammation increases the production of melanin. Remember, the more you mess with a tiny spot or wound, the worse it will begin to look.

Approaches towards treating hyperpigmentation range from at-home and minimally invasive to extensive in-office procedures.


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